Zogby Analytics conducted a nationwide poll of 896 likely voters. The poll was conducted from 1/17/2024 -1/20/2024. Additional oversamples of minorities were also surveyed. An additional 1,200 minority adults, four hundred each, were surveyed among African American, Hispanic, and Asian samples.

One of the topics Zogby Analytics examined was food insecurity. We asked voters and minority oversamples, "Have you or anyone in your immediate family, gone without food for 24 hours in the past month due to a lack of food or money?"

Among the sample of 896 U.S. likely voters, a startling number-14% of surveyed voters said they had gone without food for more than twenty-four hours due to a lack of money or food in the past month, while 85% stated no.

Among the surveyed demographics, there were areas where certain sub-groups experienced food insecurity more than others. For example, urban voters (20%) were more likely to than suburban (10%) and rural voters (16%) to experience food insecurity.

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Education was another key factor when it came to voters and their relationship to food insecurity. Likely voters with no college education were twice as likely, at 18%, to experience food insecurity, compared to 9% of college graduates. Age also played a part in how voters experienced food insecurity. The younger voters surveyed, such as those aged 18-29, were ten times more likely (25%) than voters aged 65+ (2.4%) to suffer from food insecurity.

In addition to the national voter data, Zogby Analytics also surveyed minority oversamples. Out of four hundred African Americans surveyed, one in five said they had gone without food for more than twenty-four hours in the past month due to lack of money or food. As was the case with the national sample of likely voters, the cases of food insecurity among African Americans had similar patterns when it came to their age and education.

For instance, African American voters who were aged 18-24 (34%) were almost five times as likely as voters aged 55-69 (7%) to experience food insecurity in the last month. Numbers also increased among rural African Americans (31%, compared to 21% of urban and 16% of suburban African Americans, respectively), and African Americans without a college education (23%) were twice as likely to experience food insecurity than those with a college education (10%).

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Among Hispanic voters, numbers were similar, especially among certain sub-groups. One in five (19%) of surveyed Hispanics experienced food insecurity. Younger Hispanics aged 18-24 (30%) were three times as likely to experience food insecurity than Hispanics aged 55-69 (11%). Also like African Americans surveyed, rural (29%) Hispanics were more likely to experience food insecurity, compared to urban (20%) and suburban (14%) Hispanics. Non-college educated (22%) Hispanics were twice as likely to have gone without food for more than twenty-four hours in the last month compared to college educated (10%) Hispanics.

Of the three minority oversamples surveyed, Asians were the least likely to experience food insecurity. Ninety-five percent said they had not experienced food insecurity, while 5% said they had. When we examine the demographics there was no difference among young versus old, urban versus suburban versus rural, or college educated versus non-college educated. Among the sub-groups (age, education, income, gender, etc.) of surveyed Asians, most groups' responses and their corresponding percentages were within the margin of error when compared to each other and the overall results.

The big question will be whether two important voting blocs, African Americans, and Hispanics, will continue to support President Biden overwhelmingly come November, while they continue to struggle with food insecurity. Could enough African American and Hispanic voters who are experiencing hardship and poverty go over to Donald Trump or Robert F. Kennedy Jr. and sway the election? The president will need to focus more on his accomplishments over the last three years, otherwise he may go down as a one term president.

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